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Advanced Nursing Research

A compendium of research resources for advanced nursing programs.

A Very Correct APA Style PAPER

DOIs and URLs

The doi is preferred over the URL.

Format it as

or as


Author, A. (2010). How to find a doi number. The Journal of Citing Sources, 8(1). 38-48.

To locate the DOI

  1. Look for it on the first page of the PDF of the article.
  2. Locate the article in the database. Try the cite button. The citation may have the doi.
    1. In an EBSCOhost database (Academic Search Complete, etc.) click on the article title. In the right side toolbar, click cite.
    2. On a ProQuest database (Research Library, etc.) click the preview. Then click cite.
  3. Next, Google the journal. Sometimes the journal's website will list the doi. Look for "archives" or "find issues". The doi will be with the article.


If you tried Steps 1-3, give up on the doi. Not every article has one.

Instead, paste the journal's home page URL (web address) into the reference entry. Don't use the page where the article is actually located, always use the home page.

Author, A. (2010). How to find a doi number. The Journal of Citing Sources, 8(1). 38-48. Retrieved from

Thus saith APA.

Citing UpToDate

Citing an UpToDate topic:

Cite the UpToDate topic as a chapter in an electronic book titled UpToDate, edited by Denise S. Basow. There are no page numbers to cite, and the publication year for any topic should be the current year.

For example:

Marion, D.W. (2013). Diaphragmatic pacing. In D. S. Basow, (Ed.), UpToDate. Retrieved from

How To

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Short Videos

These videos - all less than 3 minutes long - explain APA in easy-to-follow terms.

APA Resources

Oops, I Plagiarized

Check out UCLA's guide to avoiding plagiarism, retro comic book style.