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First Year Experience - Fall 2018

The Academic Community and You

As a student you are a member of the academic community. Just like membership in other communities, you are expected to follow the rules to remain in good-standing. For academics, one of the most important rules of the group is giving credit to others when you use their work and ideas (cite your sources). Secondly, as scholars, publishing false and misleading information is not only bad behavior it can also harm the scholarship possibilities of other academics (pay careful attention to your research). Of course there are many other cultural norms in this community, but if you abide by these two you will not have a problem.

Types of Plagiarism

Three Types of Plagiarism

  • Direct Plagiarism - Taking another person's writings or ideas, word for word, without citing the original source.
  • Self Plagiarism - Turning in previously completed assignments for a new assignment without permission.
  • Accidental Plagiarism - Forgetting to cite sources, misquoting sources, or paraphrasing information without citing the original source.

Avoiding Plagiarism

Effective Ways to Avoid Plagiarism

  • Cite your sources.
    • Use established citation styles (APA, MLA, Chicago) to properly give credit for information that is not your own.
  • Know what needs to be cited.
    • Words or ideas from a magazine, book, newspaper, scholarly journal article, website, etc. 
    • Information from interviews or discussions with another person, whether face-to-face, over the phone, or in writing. 
    • Exact words or unique phrases. 
    • Reprints of any diagrams, illustrations, charts, pictures, or other visual materials.
  • Color code your notes. 
    • Use different colors for each of your sources when you are taking notes. This will remind you which notes are your thoughts and those of your different sources. 
  • Read then paraphrase.
    • ‚ÄčRead the material you want to include in your paper, put it down, then write what you think your read without looking at the original source to avoid accidentally using the same words.