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APA Citation Guide (7th edition) : Dissertations & Theses

This guide shows you how to cite using APA 7th edition


Hanging Indents:

All citations should be double spaced and have a hanging indent in a Reference List.

A "hanging indent" means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0.5 inches.


It is acceptable for hyperlinks to be blue and underlined (live) or black without underlining.

All hyperlinks must include https://

Do not put a period after DOIs or hyperlinks.


Dissertations & Theses

Author Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial If Given. (Year of Publication). Title of report in italics and mostly lower-case (Publication Number if given) [Type of dissertation, Name of University]. Name of Database or Institutional Repository. URL of dissertation if it's an open webpage not behind a university log-in barrier


Mandelman, M. (2021). Senior cohousing: The social architecture of cohousing, community design & well being [Doctoral dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee]. UWM Digital Commons. 

In-Text Paraphrase

(Last Name, Year)

Example: (Mandelman, 2021)

In-Text Quote

(Last Name, Year, page number)

Example: (Mandelman, 2021, p. 189)