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Reacting to the Past - Suffrage & Labor

Members of Heterodoxy

Founded by Marie Jenny Howe, Heterodoxy was a group of women who met, debated, and communed with other women who were interested in political and social issues relevant to their day.  The group met at Polly's Restaurant in Greenwich Village.

Notable participants included:

  • Katherine Susan Anthony
  • Sara Josephine Baker
  • Agnes de Mille
  • Crystal Eastman
  • Elizabeth Gurley Flynn
  • Charlotte Perkins Gilman
  • Susan Glaspell
  • Marie Jenney Howe
  • Fannie Hurst
  • Elizabeth Irwin
  • Mabel Dodge Luhan
  • Mary Margaret McBride
  • Inez Milholland
  • Alice Duer Miller
  • Doris Stevens
  • Rose Pastor Stokes
  • Margaret Widdemer

Speakers at group meetings, who were not members of Heterodoxy, included:

  • Emma Goldman
  • Helen Keller
  • Amy Lowell
  • Margaret Sanger

The Masses

The Masses was a progressive journal of Greenwich Village that was published between 1911 and 1917.  The journal covered important issues of the day including women's suffrage, unionization, birth control, and racial equality.  You can find many of the most prominent activists and thinkers of the age published within its pages including many of the people that populate your reacting to the past game.  You can find pdfs of complete issues here:

The Masses and here The Masses

Sample Articles from November 1913 Issue: