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Church - State Relationship
John Winthrop: A Model of Christian Charity
As John Winthrop ventured to the Americas in 1630 aboard the Arbella, he wrote his guidelines, “A Model of Christian Charity,” for the community he and his fellow colonists hoped to establish along New England's shores.
The Idea of the Covenant
A Winthrop document from the Massachusetts Historical Society Collections
Anne Hutchinson and Banishment
Examination of Ms. Anne Hutchinson
The article presents the text of the examination of Mrs. Ann Hutchinson by the leaders of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in November 1637 on charges of heresy and sedition. Governor John Winthrop accuses Hutchinson of spreading opinions that are causing trouble, spreading malicious information about the church and its ministers, and having meetings in her home that were condemned by the general assembly and intolerable on the basis of her sex. Winthrop argues that Hutchinson's actions had the potential to negatively influence other community members. Following testimony, debate, and the Hutchinson's answers to the charges, the court presents the decision to banish Hutchinson from the community.
Covenant of Works v. Covenant of Faith