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Basic Search Tips

Library catalogs and databases can't understand an entire sentence. So you'll need to break your topic down into the most important ideas - the KEYWORDS.

Example Topic: How do stereotypes affect female politicians during elections?

Keywords: stereotypes, female politicians, elections

Most words have synonyms that mean the same, or very similar, things. For each keyword in your topic, try to come up with at least one synonym. Not all keywords will have synonyms, but many do!

Example: 

Keyword: politician     Synonym: candidate

Keep an Eye Out

Sometimes scholars use terms that you might not be familiar with, or which might mean something very specific within the discipline. While searching, look for unfamiliar terms or words that show up a lot. Try searching for those and see if you find more relevant sources.

Most library databases have search tools built in. Try some of these:

  • Date Range: Limit your search to sources published between specific years.
  • Peer Reviewed: Limit your search to scholarly journal articles.
  • Full Text: Make sure all of the results are available to read in full.

Look on the left and right of your search results, or for an "advanced search" page to find these tools - and more!

You can evaluate any source using the E.S.C.A.P.E. plan:

  • Evidence– Can you verify facts from this source with another source? Does it seem likely? 

  • Source – Can the author(s) of this information be trusted from this source? 

  • Context– What is the bigger picture surrounding this information? 

  • Audience– Who is this information intended to influence? 

  • Purpose– Why was this information created in the first place? 

  • Execution– How and where is this information presented? 

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Advanced Search Tips

Use the operator AND to find only sources that mention both keywords.

stereotypes AND female politicians

 

This search will bring back fewer results than searching either keyword on its own.

Use the OR operator to expand your search with additional keywords.

female politicians OR stereotypes

 

This will find sources that include either word, so you'll see more results than by searching for just one keyword.

 

Use the “QUOTES” strategy to search for several words in a phrase.

"female politicians"

This will bring back results that only use that exact phrase.

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