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Business Overview: BA 470 - Value Change Management

Business Course Specific Libguide.

Literature Review Steps

Watch the following video for information on how to set up your APA style title page, abstract, and references in Microsoft word.

Suggestion:  Wait until you have completed your paper before you write your abstract.  It is much easier to write a short summary of your paper after you've finished the paper.

Section Description/Purpose
  • Opening paragraph should be broad and general. 
  • Try to hook the reader by identifying the problem and giving some interesting statistics or prevalence rates related to the problem.
Body of Literature Review
  • Must discuss the pedagogy behind the helicopter project - Analyze a process and improve a process.  Must also provide a justification for your study - Business people must rely less and less on intuition and more on analysis and data in order to improve operations and be successful.
  • Provides an organized, scholarly review of the literature about your research problem.
  • Describes what we "know" and what we "don't know" about the problem.
  • Written in a funnel format - Logical ordering of literature review topics from general to specific.
  • The literature should be grouped in an orderly fashion.  This from broad to specific or by concepts and themes.  Most importantly, your review of the literature should be synthesized rather than discussing each article separately. 
Summary of Literature Review
  • Restates and summarizes what we know about a topic and what we don't know about a topic.
  • Identifies the purpose of your research.


  • Hypotheses are clearly listed and are phrased as predictions


This section describes the methodology of your research in detail.  This section does not begin on a new page but it does have headings.  Begin your method section by typing Method, centered on the page, and bolded.  Then type Procedures and describe the helicopter experiment that you conducted.



Your Results sections does not start on a new page but Results is centered and bolded.

This section presents the results of analysis without giving opinions about the findings. 


1. Restate each hypothesis and indicate which statistical analysis was used for each.

2. State whether results were significant or not.

3. State whether results supported your hypotheses or not.

Example: In order to test the hypothesis that individuals who had experienced more severe trauma would be more depressed, a correlational analysis was conducted.  Results were significant (r=.403, p<.01).  Results supported the hypothesis; individuals with more severe trauma tended to be more depressed than individuals with less severe trauma.

4. Include diagrams and charts here.  Make sure to assign figure numbers to each of these and refer to the figure numbers when discussing these charts in the discussion section of your paper.


The discussion section does not start on a new page but Discussion is centered and bolded.


The discussion section interprets the findings presented in the results section and includes a discussion of their meaning and significance. 

1. Restate the results of the study.

2. Were the results as you expected and were the hypotheses supported or not?

3. Were there surprises in the results?

4. Be sure to discuss here the pedagogical aspects of the helicopter study here.  Are there implications for business? Are there implications for future study?  What might future studies investigate?

Your Librarian

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Micki Waldrop
Brenau Trustee Library
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